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US4007799: Raise drill with replaceable stem

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Robert L. Dixon · Robert E. Allison ·
Assignee(s) Smith International, Inc. ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Christie, Parker & Hale ·
Primary Examiner Ernest R. Purser ·
Assistant Examiner Richard E. Favreau ·
Application Number US5593839
Filing date 07/07/1975
Issue date 02/15/1977
Predicted expiration date 07/07/1995
U.S. Classifications 175/340  · 175/53  ·
International Classifications E21B 908  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 17553;339;340;334;335;357;374;344;320 ·
18 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A raise type of earth boring drill in which the cutter assembly is detachably secured to the drive stem to permit replacement of the stem. The stem slidably engages a central opening in the cutter assembly, the cutter assembly engaging a shoulder on the stem which carries axial loads in the drill. The cutter assembly is detachably anchored by a plurality of bolts to a torque plate attached to the end of the stem for transmitting torque load to the cutter assembly, the bolts clamping the cutter assembly against the shoulder.

Independent Claims | See all claims (18)

  1. 1. A raise drill comprising:a drive stem having coupling means at the top end of the stem for connection to a drill string;a torque plate secured to the bottom end of the stem;an upwardly facing shoulder on the stem intermediate its ends above the torque plate;a cutter assembly including a frame plate having a central hole therein of diameter larger than said one end of the shaft but smaller than the shoulder, whereby the frame plate can fit on the end of the shaft and against the shoulder for transmitting only axial loads therebetween, and a plurality of mounting yokes mounted on the frame plate around the central hole each mounting yoke supporting a shaft and rotary cutter journaled on the shaft; anddetachable means securing the frame plate to the torque plate for transmitting torque from the stem through the torque plate to the cutter assembly.
  2. 4. A raise drill comprising:a drive stem having coupling means at the top end of the stem;a torque plate secured to the bottom end of the stem, the stem having an upwardly facing shoulder intermediate the ends of the stem;a cutter assembly including a frame plate having a central hole therein of diameter larger than said one end of the shaft but smaller than the shoulder, whereby the frame plate can fit on the end of the shaft and against the shoulder for transmitting only axial loads therebetween, and a plurality of rotary cutters mounted on the frame plate around the central hole;a flange plate extending parallel to the frame plate, the flange plate having a hole coaxial with the hole in the frame plate but larger in diameter than the outer edge of the shoulder to permit the flange plate to fit down over the shoulder and into position adjacent the torque plate; andmeans securing the flange plate and torque plate together for transmitting torque from the torque plate to the cutter assembly.
  3. 7. A raise drill having a stem readily replaceable in the field comprising:a stem having means at its upper end for connection to a drill string for transmitting tension and torque;a first, relatively smaller diameter portion nearer the upper end of the stem;a second, relatively larger diameter portion nearer the lower end of the stem;an upwardly facing peripheral shoulder on the stem between the first and second portions;a torque transmitting plate secured on the bottom of the stem;a main frame comprising an upper plate having a central hole slightly larger than the diameter of the first portion of the stem and appreciably smaller than the second portion of the stem for resting on the peripheral shoulder and carrying only a compressive load therebetween, means for mounting a plurality of rock cutter cones on the top of the upper plate, a torque transmitting ring welded on the bottom of the upper plate, and a torque transmitting plate welded on the bottom of the ring; andmeans for bolting the torque transmitting plate on the stem against the torque transmitting plate on the main frame.
  4. 9. A raise drill comprising: a drive stem having a shoulder intermediate the ends of the stem and connector means for transmitting axial load and torque at one end, a rotary cutter assembly comprising a flat sided frame and plurality of rotatable cutter cones mounted thereon, said frame having a central opening for slidably receiving the stem, the margin of the opening engaging the shoulder on the stem for carrying axial load therebetween, means at the end of the stem opposite from the connector means for detachably securing the assembly to the stem in torque transferring relationship, said means including a flat sided torque plate rigidly attached to the end of the stem, and clamping means extending between and detachably connected to the torque plate and the cutter assembly to urge the flat side of the frame towards the flat side of the torque plate and urge the margin of the opening against the shoulder.
  5. 10. A raise drill comprising:a drive stem having coupling means at the top end of the stem;a torque plate secured to the bottom end of the stem, the stem having an upwardly facing shoulder intermediate the ends of the stem;a cutter assembly including a frame plate having a central hole therein of diameter larger than said one end of the shaft but smaller than the shoulder, whereby the frame plate can fit on the end of the shaft and against the shoulder for transmitting only axial loads therebetween, and a plurality of rotary cutters mounted on the frame plate around the central hole;detachable means for connecting the cutter assembly to the torque plate for transmitting torque therebetween; anda lower cutter stage assembly releasably secured to the bottom of the torque plate, the lower stage having a plurality of rotating cutters radially positioned beyond the periphery of the frame plate.
  6. 15. A replaceable stem for a raise drill comprising a stem having an enlarged diameter at one end forming a shoulder for transmitting only axial loads, a flat plate attached to the enlarged diameter end, the plate extending radially beyond the perimeter of the stem and including means for accommodating torque transmitting pins, the stem having a plurality of counterbores extending into the stem, the bores being spaced axially from the shoulder in a direction away from the plate end of the stem, and means at the opposite end of the stem from the plate for detachably coupling the stem to the end of an axially aligned shaft.
  7. 17. A raise drill having a stem readily replaceable in the field comprising:a stem comprising connection means at the upper end of the stem for transmitting axial load and torque, a first, relatively smaller diameter portion nearer the upper end of the stem, a second, relatively larger diameter portion nearer the lower end of the stem, an upwardly facing peripheral shoulder on the stem between the first and second portions for transmitting axial load, and a torque transmitting plate secured on the bottom of the stem;a main frame comprising an upper plate having a central hole slightly larger than the diameter of the first portion of the stem and appreciably smaller than the second portion of the stem for resting on the peripheral shoulder and carrying only a compressive load therebetween, means for mounting a plurality of rotatable rock cutter cones on the top of the upper plate, a lower torque transmitting plate, and means for transmitting torque between the lower plate and the upper plate; andmeans for connecting the lower torque transmitting plate on the stem to the torque transmitting plate on the main frame for transmitting torque therebetween.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US2090356 CHICAGO PNEUMATIC TOOL CO Reed Aug 1937
US2239461 WILLIAM MANN REGINALD Mann Apr 1941
US3092190 CHARLES GRUERE Guere Jun 1963
US3384191 REED ROLLER BIT CO Schmacher, Jr. et al. May 1968
US3675729 SMITH INTERNATIONAL Neilson Jul 1972
US3866698 REED TOOL CO Stanley Feb 1975
US3902562 HUGHES TOOL CO Pessier et al. Sep 1975
US3917009 DRESSER IND Dyer et al. Nov 1975
US3920089 DRESSER IND Mitchell Nov 1975