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10 Claims, No Drawings
A vaporizer-burner using liquid fuel such as oil, in which the oil conducted to the combustion chamber is vaporized before being ignited and in which the air required for combustion has been conducted to the combustion chamber along a separate duct. The problem in this type of vaporizer-burners of prior art is the continuous vacuum prevailing in the combustion chamber during operation, which renders the flame unstable and sensitive to changes in ambient conditions, such as wind squalls. With the vaporizer-burner of the invention, the problem has been solved in that the air supply duct has been divided into two parts, one directing air to the oil vaporizing process and the other to the combustion process, and that the supply proportion of said so-called primary and secondary airs can be adjusted with the aid of a turnable flap placed in the duct.
- 1. A vaporizer-burner for use with a liquid fuel such as oil, comprising:a housing including an interior peripheral surface,a combustion chamber, including a perforated exterior peripheral surface, disposed within said housing, said combustion chamber including a vaporization portion and an ignition portion,said interior peripheral surface of said housing and said exterior peripheral surface of said combustion chamber being separated from one another to define therebetween a gap;a liquid fuel source including means for conducting said liquid fuel to said vaporization portion of said combustion chamber,an air source including a duct for conducting air from said air source to said gap,said duct supporting therein means, extending along a portion of the length of said duct, for dividing air flowing in said duct into a primary flow and a secondary flow, said dividing means having one end projecting into said gap and an opposing end including adjustable means for simultaneously altering the amounts of said primary and secondary flows, andmeans, extending across said gap from said housing interior peripheral surface to said combustion chamber exterior peripheral surface, for separating said gap into a first portion for receiving said primary flow and a second portion for receiving said secondary flow,said separating means being coextensive with said dividing means one end projecting into said gap,whereby upon adjustment of said altering means, the proportion of said primary and secondary flows can be simultaneously selected, and the efficiency of burning of the liquid fuel can be optimized.
- 8. In an apparatus for burning a liquid fuel such as oil, including a combustion chamber having a perforated vaporization portion in which the liquid fuel is vaporized and a perforated ignition portion in which the vaporized liquid fuel is burned, and means for conducting the liquid fuel to the vaporization portion, the improvement comprising:a housing disposed about, and spaced from, said combustion chamber to define a gap therebetween,means for conducting air under pressure to said gap,said air conducting means housing means, extending along a portion thereof, for selectively separating air flowing therein into a primary flow and a secondary flow,means, extending across said gap from said housing to said combustion chamber, for dividing said gap into a first subchamber, located adjacent said vaporization portion, for receiving said primary flow and a second subchamber, located adjacent said ignition portion, for receiving said secondary flow,said dividing means including a portion connected to said separating means, andwater spraying means for spraying water into said combustion chamber, so that when said apparatus is in operation, impurities on interior surfaces of said combustion chamber are burned away,whereby during operation of the apparatus, optimization of the efficiency of vaporization and burning of the liquid fuel may be achieved by selection of an optimum proportion of primary flow to secondary flow, simultaneously with achieving continuous cleaning of the combustion chamber.
U.S. Patent Documents