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US4813829: Tooling apparatus comprising a holder and tool head releasably mounted thereon

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Eldo K. Koppelmann ·
Assignee(s) Sandvik, Inc. ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Burns, Doane, Swecker & Mathis ·
Primary Examiner Scott, Jr.; Leon ·
Application Number US7171579
Filing date 03/22/1988
Issue date 03/21/1989
Predicted expiration date 03/22/2008
U.S. Classifications 409/136  · 279/81  ·
International Classifications B23C 0000  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 409136;232;234 ·
11 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A tooling assembly comprises a holder and a tool head releasably mounted thereon. The holder includes a forwardly projecting frusto-conical tongue which is tightly received within a correspondingly shaped socket of the tool holder. An actuator is slidably mounted within the holder and is retained within the tool head by means of a bayonet-type coupling. A pair of locking wedges is mounted in the holder and actuated by means of a differential screw to push the actuator rearwardly against a spring bias in a manner drawing the tool head tightly against the holder. Fluid channels in the holder body, actuator, and tool head communicate after the tool head has been mounted on the holder, in order to conduct flushing fluid to flush cuttings from the hole being cut.

Independent Claims | See all claims (11)

  1. 1. A tooling apparatus comprising:a tool head body including:a front end having at least one mounting site for a cutter,a rear end having a rearwardly opening socket with a forwardly tapering frusto-conical surface,first retaining means arranged coaxial with said socket,a first fluid passage communicating with said socket and extending within said tool head body for conducting fluid which flushes cuttings, anda first drive transmitting means at said rear end; anda holder assembly including:a holder body adapted to be rotated about a longitudinal axis and including a front mounting surface which has a frusto-conical tongue extending forwardly therefrom, said tongue being coaxial with said axis and configured to be tightly fitted within said socket, a hole extending coaxially within said holder body and through said tongue and defining a second fluid passage, a pair of lateral recesses disposed in said holder body and communicating with said hole, and a second drive transmitting means adapted to be drivingly engaged with said first drive transmitting means,an actuator slidably mounted in said hole, said actuator including:an actuator body having second retaining means arranged coaxially with said longitudinal axis for connection with said first retaining means on said tool head body in response to relative rotation between said tool head and said holder assembly which brings said first and second drive transmitting means into longitudinal alignment,a third fluid passage extending within said actuator body and having a coaxial front discharge opening, anda pair of circumferentially spaced inclined walls located rearwardly of said retaining member, said actuator body disposed in said hole such that said inclined walls communicate with respective ones of said lateral recesses,spring means for biasing said actuator forwardly,a pair of locking wedges slidable in respective ones of said lateral recesses, each locking wedge including an inclined wedge surface at an inner end thereof,wedge-moving means for moving said locking wedges toward said actuator to bring said wedge surfaces into engagement with said inclined walls to displace said actuator rearwardly against said spring bias for drawing said tool head body rearwardly to tightly mate said socket with said tongue and with said first and second fluid passages in alignment.
  2. 9. A tool head adapted to carry a cutter and be releasably connected to a rotatable holder assembly, said tool head comprising a tool head body including front and rear ends, said front end having at least one mounting site for a cutter, said rear end having a rearwardly opening socket with a forwardly tapering frusto-conical surface adapted to tightly receive a correspondingly shaped tongue on a holder assembly, a retaining recess disposed forwardly of said socket, an elongated aperture interconnecting said socket and retaining recess and being of shorter circumferential length than said recess and adapted to receive a retaining member of a holder assembly, and a fluid passage extending within said body from a forward end of said recess for conducting flushing fluid from a holder assembly, said fluid passage being of smaller cross-section than said recess.
  3. 10. A holder assembly for releasably carrying a tool head and comprising:a holder body adapted to be rotated about a longitudinal axis and including:a front mounting surface having a frusto-conical tongue extending forwardly therefrom, said tongue being coaxial with said longitudinal axis and configured to be tightly fitted within a frusto-conical socket of a tool head,a hole extending coaxially within said holder body and through said tongue, said hole defining a first fluid passage,a pair of lateral recesses disposed in said holder body and communicating with said hole,an actuator slidably mounted in said hole, said actuator including an actuator body havinga laterally disposed elongated retaining member at its front end adapted to be retained in a tool head, a second fluid passage extending therethrough and including a coaxial front discharge end, anda pair of diametrically opposed slots formed in an outer periphery of a generally cylindrical rear portion of said actuator body, each said slot including an inclined rear wall, said rear portion of said actuator disposed in said hole such that said slots communicate with said lateral recesses,spring means for biasing said actuator forwardly,a locking screw disposed in said lateral recesses and extending transversely through said slots and second fluid passage, anda pair of locking wedges mounted on respective ends of said locking screw, each locking wedge including an inclined wedge surface at an inner end thereof, said wedges being slidable in said lateral recesses and movable toward said actuator in response to rotation of said screw in one direction to bring said wedge surfaces into engagement with respective ones of said inclined walls of said slots to displace said actuator rearwardly against said spring bias for drawing said actuator rearwardly, in order to tightly mate said tool head socket with said tongue, said locking wedges being movable away from said inclined walls in response to reverse rotation of said locking screw.
  4. 11.11. A tooling apparatus comprising:a tool head body including:a front end having at least one mounting site for a cutter,a rear end having a rearwardly opening socket with a forwardly tapering frusto-conical surface,a retaining recess disposed forwardly of said socket,an elongated slot interconnecting said socket and retaining recess and being of shorter circumferential length than said recess, anda first fluid passage extending within said tool head body from a forward end of said retaining recess for conducting flushing fluid, anda holder assembly including:a holder body adapted to be rotated about a longitudinal axis and including a front mounting surface which has a frusto-conical tongue extending forwardly therefrom, said tongue being coaxial with said longitudinal axis and configured to be tightly fitted within said socket, a hole extending coaxially within said holder body and through said tongue, and a pair of lateral recesses disposed in said holder body and communicating with said hole,an actuator slidably mounted in said second fluid passage, said actuator including an actuator body having a laterally disposed elongated retaining member at its front end adapted to extend through said aperture in said tool head body and become locked in said retaining recess in response to relative rotation between said tool head body and said holder body, a third fluid passage extending axially through said actuator body for communicating said first fluid passage with said second fluid passage when said retaining member is locked in said retaining recess, and a pair of diametrically opposed slots formed in an outer periphery of a generally cylindrical rear portion of said actuator body, each said slot including an inclined rear wall, said generally cylindrical rear portion of said actuator disposed in said hole of said holder body such that said slots communicate with said lateral recesses,spring means in said hole for biasing said actuator forwardly;a locking screw extending transversely through said actuator slots, opposite ends of said screw containing oppositely wound screw threads disposed in respective ones of said transverse recesses,a pair of locking wedges threadedly mounted on respective threaded ends of said locking screw, each locking wedge including an inclined wedge surface at an inner end thereof, said wedges being non-rotatably slidable in said lateral recesses and movable toward said actuator in response to rotation of said screw in one direction to bring said wedge surfaces into engagement with respective ones of said inclined walls of said slots to displace said actuator rearwardly against said spring bias for drawing said tool head socket rearwardly into tight fit with said socket with said tongue, said locking wedges being movable away from said inclined walls in response to reverse rotation of said locking screw to separate said wedge surfaces from said inclined walls whereby said actuator is displaced forwardly by said spring means to separate said socket from said tongue.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US2485799 GIDDINGS & LEWIS Woytych Oct 1949
US3741573 TREER S Treer Jun 1973
US4274314 Repinski Jun 1981
US4325664 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Mori Apr 1982
US4563116 EDENS RUDOLPH R Edens Jan 1986
US4575293 Berti Mar 1986
US4655655 Gildemeister DeVlieg System Werkzeuge GmbH Schurfeld Apr 1987

Other Publications

"Tool Changing and Setting", (Instruction Sheet), undated.
"Quick Changing Boring and Finishing Tools", Madison Industries, (Sales Brochure), 1968.

Patent Family