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US4955372: Method and apparatus for pulmonary and cardiovascular conditioning of racehorses and competition animals

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Richard H. Blackmer · Jonathan W. Hedman ·
Assignee(s) Transpirator Technologies, Inc. ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Kane, Dalsimer, Sullivan, Kurucz, Levy, Eisele and Richard ·
Primary Examiner Randall L. Green ·
Assistant Examiner Reichle; K. M. ·
Application Number US7436085
Filing date 11/13/1989
Issue date 09/11/1990
Predicted expiration date 09/11/2007
U.S. Classifications 128/203.16  · 128/203.17  ·
International Classifications A61M 1500  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 128200.14;200.16;200.18;200.21;203.16;203.17;203.26;203.27;204.17 ·
Related U.S. Application DataBACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 841,300, filed on 3/19/86, now abandoned, and that application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application No. 755,562, filed Jul. 16, 1985, now U.S. Pat. No. 4,722,334 The invention of the present application improves upon the invention of U.S. patent application No. 755,562 in that it provides an apparatus with a much faster heat up time and at the same time is simpler in design and less expensive. The apparatus of the present invention also contains numerous safety features which will become obvious.
23 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A method and apparatus for delivering a humidified stream of gas to an animal's respiratory tract. The gas is delivered at a dew point temperature greater than the ambient dew point temperature.

Independent Claims | See all claims (23)

  1. 1. A veterinary method useful for the therapeutic treatment of an animal respiratory tract comprising the step of delivering to the animal's respiratory tract a substantially sterile humidified vapor-phase stream of gas at a dew point temperature which is greater than the normal body temperature of the animal at a rate in excess of 60 liters per minute to condition the animal's respiratory, pulmonary and cardiovascular system.
  2. 10. A method for preparing and introducing a humid air stream into an animal's respiratory tract at temperatures greater than the ambient dew temperature useful for the therapeutic treatment of the animal's respiratory, pulmonary, and cardiovascular systems comprising:providing a stream of gas;heating water to form water vapor; mixing the vapor with the stream of gas to humidify the stream of gas producing a humidified stream of gas at temperatures greater than the ambient dew temperature;delivering the humidified stream of gas to the animal's respiratory tract; anddepositing water on the walls of the respiratory tract to thin the mucous blanket, dissolve the mucous plugs and promote mucocilliary clearance.
  3. 12. An apparatus for delivering to a veterinary animal's respiratory tract a humidified steam of gas at a dew point temperature greater than the ambient dew point temperature and also at a temperature greater than the normal body temperature of the animal so as to deposit water on the walls of the respiratory tract comprising:a container for storing a reservoir of water;means for heating the water in the reservoir to cause vapor to form in said container at a dew point temperature greater than the ambient dew point temperature and also at a temperature greater than the normal body temperature;a blower means for providing a stream of gas in excess of 60 liters per minute; anda conduit means for conveying the stream of gas into contact with the vapor used and for conveying the stream of humidified gas to the respiratory tract of the animal.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US2091034 DUNCAN GEORGE R Duncan Aug 1937
US2843119 GLASSER MAX E Glasser Jul 1958
US3379194 UNITED AIRCRAFT CORP Ziermann Apr 1968
US3638926 ALFRED W MELVILLE Melville et al. Feb 1972
US3863630 SYNTHELABO Cavallo Feb 1975
US3873806 Schosson Mar 1975
US4038980 FODOR IMRE Foder Aug 1977
US4060576 GRANT GRAHAM CAMERON Grant Nov 1977
US4201204 Dragerwerk Aktiengesellschaft Rinne et al. May 1980
US4314138 Itoh Feb 1982
US4319566 HAYWARD JOHN Hayward et al. Mar 1982
US4369777 Yeda Research & Dev., Co., Ltd. Lwoff et al. Jan 1983
US4381267 JACKSON RICHARD R Jackson Apr 1983
US4401114 Yeda Research & Development Co., Ltd. Lwoff et al. Aug 1983
US4564748 Respiratory Care, Inc. Gupton Jan 1986
US4722334 Transpirator Technologies, Inc. Blackmer et al. Feb 1988

Other Publications

Heller, Bill, "New Hope for Horses with Breathing and Bleeding Problems", HoofBeats, Dec. 1985.
Killay, Emily, "Drug Tests and Hot Air Offer Hope for Respiratory Relief", Equus. Magazine; vol. 104, Jun. 1986.
Pines, Phillip, "Hot to Trot", Sports Eye Magazine, vol. 23, #107, May 1986.
Weeks, Helma, "EIPH in Racehorses", The Backstrength, Jul. 1986.
Strassburger, John; "Kulak Chases Her Dream with Cobblestone", Chronicle of the Horse; vol. XLIX, No. 1, Jan. 3, 1986.
Sweeny, Corinne, "Exercised Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage", Current Therapy in Equine Medicine-2 W. B. Saunders, Co. Phila, 1987.
Biles, Deirdre, "Hot Air and Horses", The Blood Horse, Mar. 15, 1986.
Clippenger, Don, "Hot Air to Help Horses Performance, Professor Reports", The Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb. 21, 1986.
Skramstad, Sherry, "Drugs in Racing, Part II: Lasix", Hub Rail Magazine, Nov.-Dec. 1986.
Beech, Jill, "New Topics in Respiratory Therapy", Present.of Amer. Assc. Equine Pract., 32 Annual Conf., Nashville, Tenn. Dec. 1986.
Lieberman, Bobbie, "Is Hot and Humid a Breath of Fresh Air?" Modern Horse Breeding; vol. 3, #7, Jul. 1986.
Thomas, Heather, "Bleeders: Why They Bleed and How You Can Help Prevent It", Hub Rail Magazine, Sep.-Oct. 1986.
Transpirator Technologies Inc. Product Liter., "Drug-Free Therapy for Bleeding and Other Respiratory Disorders".

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