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US5202533: Drug injection apparatus for an animal

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Vandersteen; Douglas G. A. ·
Assignee(s) VANDERSTEEN DOUGLAS G A ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Adrian D. Battison ·
Primary Examiner Harold J. Tudor ·
Application Number US7826360
Filing date 01/28/1992
Issue date 04/13/1993
Predicted expiration date 01/28/2012
U.S. Classifications 102/512  · 102/371  ·
International Classifications F42B 1254  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 604130;131;134;135;187;207;208;219;221;222;218 ·
13 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A remote injection device for animals comprises a barrel with a piston slideable within the barrel from an initial retracted position at one end of the barrel forwardly toward the opposed end of the barrel to discharge liquid in an injection action through a needle at the forward end of the barrel. The piston is held in a retracted position by an O-ring on a release member which projects through an O-ring carried on the inside surface of the barrel. The inner diameter of the O-ring on the barrel can be adjusted by axial movement of the pair collars on the inside of the barrel. This adjusts the amount of force necessary to push the release member O-ring through the outer O-ring to release the piston to be moved by spring to the discharge position. The barrel can be mounted either upon an arrow type projectile so the impact forces are sufficient to release the piston upon engaging the animal. Alternatively the barrel can be mounted upon a pole with the pole acting to release the piston when pushed forwardly with the needle and barrel in engagement with the animal.

Independent Claims | See all claims (13)

  1. 1. A drug injection apparatus for remotely injecting an animal with a liquid comprising a cylindrical barrel defining a longitudinal axis of the barrel, a needle assembly at a forward end of the barrel, a piston slidable longitudinally within the barrel from a retracted position remote from the needle assembly, in which a liquid to be injected is introduced into the barrel between the needle assembly and a forward end of the piston, and a forward dispensing position in which the forward end of the piston is moved forwardly to force the liquid through the needle assembly for injecting into the animal, spring means biasing the piston into the forward dispensing position, and a release means actuable to hold the piston in the retracted position and to release the piston to move to the forward dispensing position in response to a forward axial force on the release means, the release means comprising cooperating means having a first portion attached to said barrel and held against movement longitudinally thereof and defining a surface facing radially inwardly of the axis of the barrel and a second portion connected to the piston so as to be movable longitudinally therewith, said cooperating means being shaped for said second portion to pass through said first portion, said cooperating means including an annular O-ring which is formed of a resilient material such that said O-ring can be deformed to allow passage of said second portion through said first portion when an axial force thereon exceeds a predetermined maximum force, and means adjusting said annular O-ring in a radial direction so as to vary said predetermined force.
  2. 11. A drug injection apparatus for remotely injecting an animal with a liquid comprising a cylindrical barrel defining a longitudinally axis of the barrel, a needle assembly at a forward end of the barrel, a piston slideable longitudinally within the barrel from a retracted position remote from the needle assembly, in which a liquid to be injected is introduced into the barrel between the needle assembly and a forward end of the piston, and a forward dispensing position in which the piston is moved forwardly to force the liquid through the needle assembly for injecting into the animal, spring means biasing the piston into the forward dispensing position, release means actuable to hold the piston in the retracted position and to release the piston to move to the forward dispensing position in response to a forward axial force on the release means, said needle assembly including a needle having a retaining member thereon for engaging flesh of the animal to hold the needle in place in the animal during said injection, a pole having a receptacle at one end thereof for receiving and retaining the barrel on the pole, the pole being manually operable to engage the needle with the animal while the barrel remains in the receptacle, means on the pole at the receptacle for causing said axial force on the release means in response to movement of the barrel toward the receptacle caused by impact of the needle assembly with the animal, the release means being arranged such that the actuation thereof causes said release of the piston to move forwardly while the barrel is retained in contact with the receptacle, the receptacle and the barrel being separable to allow movement of the barrel from the receptacle and a string having a forward end attached to the barrel and a rearward end attached to the pole for pulling the barrel and needle assembly from the animal when the injection is complete.
  3. 13.13. A drug injection apparatus for remotely injecting an animal with a liquid comprising a cylindrical barrel defining a longitudinally axis of the barrel, projecting means mounted on the barrel at a rearward end thereof for projecting the barrel in a forward axial direction, a needle assembly at a forward end of the barrel, a piston slideable longitudinally within the barrel from a retracted position remote from the needle assembly, in which a liquid to be injected is introduced into the barrel between the needle assembly and a forward end of the piston, and a forward dispensing position in which the forward end of the piston is moved forwardly to force the liquid through the needle assembly for injecting into the animal, spring means biasing the piston into the forward dispensing position, release means including cooperating portions on the piston and on the barrel actuable to hold the piston in the retracted position and to release the piston to move to the forward dispensing position in response to a forward axial force on the release means, and means for adjusting a longitudinal distance between the cooperating portion of the release means on the piston and the forward end of the piston so as to vary the amount of the liquid retained in the barrel between the forward end of the piston and the needle assembly when the piston is in the retracted position.