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US5247164: IC card and portable terminal

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Takehiro Takahashi ·
Assignee(s) Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. ·
Primary Examiner Eugene R. LaRoche ·
Assistant Examiner Christopher R. Glembocki ·
Application Number US7953299
Filing date 09/30/1992
Issue date 09/21/1993
Predicted expiration date 09/21/2010
U.S. Classifications 235/492  · 235/380  ·
International Classifications G06K 500  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 235380;441;492;487 ·
Related U.S. Application DataThis application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 07/468,879 filed on Jan. 23, 1990, now abandoned.
Foreign Priority JP117099 - 01/26/1989 · JP117100 - 01/26/1989 · JP141205 - 02/21/1989 ·
24 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

An IC card which operates at either one of an operation mode and a power save mode, the processing in the operation mode being carried out in accordance with a command signal inputted from a predetermined external equipment, and the power save mode being capable of terminating its operation and returning to the operation mode upon reception of a predetermined release signal. The IC card includes an information processing circuit and a release signal generating circuit for outputting the predetermined release signal to the information processing circuit within the IC card at the time when the command signal from the external equipment is received. The information processing circuit executes the process corresponding to the command signal received from the external equipment during the operation mode, and thereafter causes the IC card to enter to the power save mode. A portable terminal for directing initiation of the power save mode operation of the IC card includes a clock signal generating circuit capable of generating a clock signal having a lower frequency than the rated clock frequency of the IC card and an interface capable of data transfer relative to the IC card at a data transmission rate in proportion to a ratio of the lower frequency of the clock signal generated by the clock signal generating circuit to the rated clock signal frequency.

Independent Claims | See all claims (24)

  1. 1. An IC card which operates in an operation mode and a sleep mode, during connection to external card reader/writer means which includes a power source for supplying power to the IC card and clock signal supply means for supplying a clock signal to the IC card, the IC card operating in the operation mode in accordance with command signals inputted from the external card reader/writer means and in the sleep mode in absence of receipt of the command signals, only selected peripheral circuits being maintained active to reduce power consumption of the power source, the IC card switching from the sleep mode to the operation mode in response to the command signals, the IC card comprising:information processing means receiving the clock for processing information, supply of the clock signal to said information processing means being stopped and operation of the selected peripheral circuits continuing when the IC card enters the sleep mode; andrelease signal generating means for outputting a predetermined release signal to said information processing means to switch the IC card to the operation mode in response to receipt of the command signals from the external card reader/writer means,said information processing means executing processing corresponding to the command signals received from the external card reader/writer means after the IC card is switched to the operation mode, and returning the IC card to the sleep mode after executing the processing.
  2. 5. A method of operating an IC card in an operation mode and a standby mode, during connection of the IC card to external card reader/writer means,the external card reader/writer means including a power source for supplying power to the IC card and clock means for generating a clock signal for synchronizing operation of the IC card,the IC card including an information processing unit for controlling peripheral circuits of the IC card,the IC card being operable in the operation mode in accordance with command signals and the clock signal inputted from the external card reader/writer means and being operable in the standby mode in absence of receipt of the command signals from the external card reader/writer means wherein the clock signal supplied to the information processing unit and the peripheral circuits of the IC card is disabled while power supply is maintained, the method comprising the steps of:initiating the standby mode after execution of processing corresponding to the command signals received from the external card reader/writer means; andinitiating the operation mode in response to a standby release signal sent from the external card reader/writer means to a reset terminal of the IC card.
  3. 9. A terminal apparatus which performs data transfer relative to an IC card connectable to the terminal apparatus by supplying the IC card with power and sending to the IC card command signals for the execution of processes, the terminal apparatus comprising:clock signal generating means for generating a clock signal f of a rated signal frequency f of the IC card and a clock signal f/n having a lower frequency than the rated clock signal frequency f card wherein n is a number greater than 1, the clock signal f/n being sent to the IC card for synchronizing operation thereof; andinterface means, coupled to said clock signal generating means, for transferring data between the IC card and the terminal apparatus synchronized with the clock signal f/n at a data transmission rate R/n which is lower than a rated data transmission rate R of the IC card.
  4. 12. A method of operating an IC card at a reduced power rate during connection to terminal means, the IC card being operable in an operation mode and a sleep mode and comprising interface means for receiving command signals from the terminal means and internal clock generating means for generating an internal clock, power consumption of the IC card being reduced during the sleep mode, the method comprising the steps of:processing information in the IC card in accordance with the command signals received from the terminal means when the IC card is in the operation mode;transferring the IC card to the sleep mode upon completion of the processing in the operation mode, operation of the IC card other than the interface means and the internal clock generating means being disabled while supply of a voltage and a clock signal from the terminal means is maintained in absence of receipt of the command signals from the terminal means during the sleep mode; andgenerating a release signal, in release signal generating means located on the IC card, in response to receipt of the command signals from the terminal means when in the sleep mode, to transfer the IC card to the operation mode.
  5. 14. A method of operating an IC card at a reduced power rate during connection to terminal means, the IC card being operable in an operation mode and a standby mode, power consumption of the IC card being reduced during the standby mode, the method comprising the steps of:processing information in the IC card in accordance with command signals received from the terminal means when the IC card is in the operation mode;transferring the IC card to the standby mode upon completion of the processing in the operation mode, operation of the IC card being disabled while supply of a voltage and a clock signal from the terminal means is maintained during the standby mode, to reduce power consumption; andtransferring the IC card from the standby mode back to the operation mode in response to receipt of a standby release signal from the terminal means.
  6. 18. A terminal apparatus which performs data transfer relative to an IC card connectable to the terminal apparatus by supplying the IC card with power and sending to the IC card command signals for the execution of processes, the terminal apparatus comprising:clock signal generating means for generating a clock signal f/n having a lower frequency than a rated clock signal frequency f of the IC card and a clock signal f/m having a lower frequency than the clock signal f/n wherein n and m are greater than 1 and m is greater than n; andinterface means, coupled to said clock signal generating means, fortransmitting the clock signal f/n and transferring data between the IC card and the terminal apparatus in synchronism with the clock signal f/n at a data transmission rate R/n which is lower than a rated data transmission rate R of the IC card, andtransmitting the clock signal f/m to the IC card when the IC card enters a command waiting mode.
  7. 21. An IC card operable in an operation mode and a standby mode during connection of the IC card to an external card reader/writer means, the IC card comprising:information processing means for controlling peripheral circuits of the IC card; andstorage means for storing a standby power bit indicative of whether or not the IC card has previously been initialized,the IC card being initialized in accordance with the standby power bit and operable in the operation mode in accordance with command signals and a clock signal inputted from the external card reader/writer means and being operable in the standby mode in absence of receipt of the command signals from the external card reader/writer means wherein supply of the clock signal to said information processing means and said peripheral circuits is disabled while supply of power from the external card reader/writer means is maintained.
  8. 22. A terminal apparatus which performs data transfer relative to an IC card connectable to the terminal apparatus by supplying the IC card with power and sending to the IC card command signals for the execution of processes, the terminal apparatus comprising:clock signal generating means for generating a clock signal f equal to a rated clock signal frequency f of the IC card and a clock signal f/n having a frequency lower than the rated clock signal frequency f of the IC card wherein n is greater than 1,the terminal apparatus transmitting the clock signal f to the IC card when the IC card is in a command waiting mode and transmitting the clock signal f/n otherwise.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

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Other Publications

"Hitachi Microcomputer Engineering Company User's Manual" pp. 33-34 and 158-159 (date unknown).

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Patent Family

Document NumberAssigneeInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US5247164 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Takehiro Takahashi Sep 1993
US5406064 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Takehiro Takahashi Apr 1995