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US5405352: Suture knot, method for its formation and use, and knot forming apparatus

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Peter V. Weston ·
Assignee(s) None listed in document.
Attorney/Agent(s) David G. Henry ·
Primary Examiner Stephen C. Pellegrino ·
Assistant Examiner Jeffrey A. Schmidt ·
Application Number US7682345
Filing date 04/09/1991
Issue date 04/11/1995
Predicted expiration date 04/11/2012
U.S. Classifications 606/148  · 606/139  ·
International Classifications A61B 1700  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 606228;148;144;139 ·
4 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

Disclosed is a novel slipknot for use as a suture knot in surgical procedures along with a simplified method for such knot's formation and a pre-formed suture system which provides a protoknot of the novel suture knot mounted on a tubular member or a knot tightener having a channel passing therethrough. The protoknot is formed into a completed suture knot by straight-line passage of the standing part of the filament, to which the surgical needle is initially attached, through the tubular member or the channel of the knot tightener and disengagement of same from the filament after passage of the filament through the patient's tissue.

Independent Claims | See all claims (4)

  1. 1. A method for forming a knot comprising the steps of:selecting a tubular member and a filament, said tubular member having a first and a second tube end;with the long axis of said tubular member situated in a substantially fixed reference orientation in a first plane (such as a vertical orientation relative to an individual forming said knot), doubling a length of said filament adjacent to said tubular member and on a first side of said tubular member (such as a side of said tubular member opposite from said individual) such that a first filament bight is formed at a first bight point situated on said first side of said tubular member and separated from said tubular member in substantially a first lateral direction from said tubular member, said first lateral direction being orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation (such as to the left of said tubular member from said individual's perspective) with a first terminal length of said filament and a second needle length of said filament extending from said either side of said first filament bight beyond and perpendicular to said tubular member in a second lateral direction orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation and substantially opposite said first lateral direction (such as behind said tubular member and toward the right thereof from said individual's perspective), said needle length and said terminal length lying substantially in a single second plane parallel with said first plane of said fixed reference orientation, said terminal segment lying closer to said first tube end than said needle segment and being separated from said needle segment by approximately one inch;moving said first filament bight substantially in said second lateral direction and across a second side of said tubular member, said second side being opposite said first side, so as to partially encircle said tubular member and ending such movement whereby said first bight comes to overlie a portion of said needle segment and of said terminal segment of said filament at points in said second lateral direction from said tubular member;grasping a loop segment of said terminal segment, said loop segment being situated at a loop segment point substantially on said first side of and in said second lateral direction from said tubular member, and drawing said loop segment through a space the perimeter of which space is jointly defined by said first filament bight and said tubular member and lying in said second direction from said tubular member and moving said loop segment through said space from said first side to said second side of said tubular member thereby forming a second filament bight from said loop segment of said terminal segment;passing said second filament bight over said second tube end moving from said second side to said first side of said tubular member; andpassing said needle segment of said filament through said tubular member moving from said second tube end to said first tube end.
  2. 2. A method of suturing tissue comprising the steps of:selecting a channel member having an elongate channel passing therethrough, said channel exiting said channel member at first and second channel openings;insuring that said channel member has a slipknot protoknot situated thereon, said slipknot protoknot being formed from a filament having a terminal filament end and a needle filament end, said slipknot protoknot to be situated between said first and second channel openings on said channel member and configured relative to said channel member whereby passing said needle filament end through said channel entering at said first channel opening and exiting said second channel opening and thereafter removing said channel member from said filament at said needle filament end forms a slipknot, said slipknot protoknot being a protoknot for a Weston knot which may be formed as follows:selecting a tubular member and a filament, said tubular member having a first and a second tube end;with the long axis of said tubular member situated in a fixed reference orientation in a first plane (such as a vertical orientation relative to an individual forming said knot), doubling a length of said filament adjacent to said tubular member and on a first side of said tubular member (such as a side of said tubular member opposite from said individual) such that a first filament bight is formed at a first bight point situated on said first side of said tubular member and separated from said tubular member in substantially a first lateral direction from said tubular member, said first lateral direction being orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation (such as to the left of said tubular member from said individual's perspective) with a first terminal length of said filament and a second needle length of said filament extending from said first filament bight beyond and perpendicular to said tubular member in a second lateral direction orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation and substantially opposite said first lateral direction (such as behind said tubular member and toward the right thereof from said individual's perspective), said needle length and said terminal length lying substantially in a single second plane parallel with said first plane of said fixed reference orientation, said terminal segment lying closer to said first tube end than said needle segment and being separated from said needle segment by approximately one inch;moving said first filament bight substantially in said second lateral direction and across a second side of said tubular member, said second side being opposite said first side, so as to partially encircle said tubular member and ending such movement whereby said first bight comes to overlie a portion of said needle segment and of said terminal segment of said filament at points in said second lateral direction from said tubular member;grasping a loop segment of said terminal segment, said loop segment being situated at a loop segment point substantially on said first side of and in said second lateral direction from said tubular member, and drawing said loop segment through a space the perimeter of which space is jointly defined by said first filament bight and said tubular member and lying in said second direction from said tubular member and moving said loop segment through said space from said first side to said second side of said tubular member thereby forming a second filament bight from said loop segment of said terminal segment;passing said second filament bight over said second tube end moving from said second side to said first side of said tubular member; andpassing said needle segment of said filament through said tubular member moving from said second tube end to said first tube end;passing said needle filament end of said filament through tissue to be sutured;passing said needle filament end of said filament through said channel of said channel member entering at said first channel opening and exiting at said second channel opening;separating said channel member from said filament by removing said channel member from said filament at said needle filament end; andtightening said slipknot against said tissue.
  3. 3. A knot which may be formed from the following steps:selecting a tubular member and a filament, said tubular member having a first and a second tube end;with the long axis of said tubular member situated in a fixed reference orientation in a first plane (such as a vertical orientation relative to an individual forming said knot), doubling a length of said filament adjacent to said tubular member and on a first side of said tubular member (such as a side of said tubular member opposite from said individual) such that a first filament bight is formed at a first bight point situated on said first side of said tubular member and separated from said tubular member in substantially a first lateral direction from said tubular member, said first lateral direction being orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation (such as to the left of said tubular member from said individual's perspective) with a first terminal length of said filament and a second needle length of said filament extending from said first filament bight beyond and perpendicular to said tubular member in a second lateral direction orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation and substantially opposite said first lateral direction (such as behind said tubular member and toward the right thereof from said individual's perspective), said needle length and said terminal length lying substantially in a single second plane parallel with said first plane of said fixed reference orientation, said terminal segment lying closer to said first tube end than said needle segment and being separated from said needle segment by approximately one inch;moving said first filament bight substantially in said second lateral direction and across a second side of said tubular member, said second side being opposite said first side, so as to partially encircle said tubular member and ending such movement whereby said first bight comes to overlie a portion of said needle segment and of said terminal segment of said filament at points in said second lateral direction from said tubular member;grasping a loop segment of said terminal segment, said loop segment being situated at a loop segment point substantially on said first side of and in said second lateral direction from said tubular member, and drawing said loop segment through a space the perimeter of which space is jointly defined by said first filament bight and said tubular member and lying in said second direction from said tubular member and moving said loop segment through said space from said first side to said second side of said tubular member thereby forming a second filament bight from said loop segment of said terminal segment;passing said second filament bight over said second tube end moving from said second side to said first side of said tubular member; andpassing said needle segment of said filament through said tubular member moving from said second tube end to said first tube end.
  4. 4.4. A pre-formed suture system comprising:an elongate channel member having a channel passing therethrough, said channel being open at first and second channel ends of said channel;a protoknot, said protoknot being formed from a filament and being positioned on said channel member whereby passing a first end of said filament through said channel by entering at said first channel end and exiting at said second channel end and removing said channel member from said filament completes formation of a slipknot, said slipknot being a Weston knot which may be formed by the following steps:selecting a tubular member and a filament, said tubular member having a first and a second tube end;with the long axis of said tubular member situated in a fixed reference orientation in a first plane (such as a vertical orientation relative to an individual forming said knot), doubling a length of said filament adjacent to said tubular member and on a first side of said tubular member (such as a side of said tubular member opposite from said individual) such that a first filament bight is formed at a first bight point situated on said first side of said tubular member and separated from said tubular member in substantially a first lateral direction from said tubular member, said first lateral direction being orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation (such as to the left of said tubular member from said individual's perspective) with a first terminal length of said filament and a second needle length of said filament extending from said first filament bight beyond and perpendicular to said tubular member in a second lateral direction orthogonal to said fixed reference orientation and substantially opposite said first lateral direction (such as behind said tubular member and toward the right thereof from said individual's perspective), said needle length and said terminal length lying substantially in a single second plane parallel with said first plane of said fixed reference orientation, said terminal segment lying closer to said first tube end than said needle segment and being separated from said needle segment by approximately one inch;moving said first filament bight substantially in said second lateral direction and across a second side of said tubular member, said second side being opposite said first side, so as to partially encircle said tubular member and ending such movement whereby said first bight comes to overlie a portion of said needle segment and of said terminal segment of said filament at points in said second lateral direction from said tubular member;grasping a loop segment of said terminal segment, said loop segment being situated at a loop segment point substantially on said first side of and in said second lateral direction from said tubular member, and drawing said loop segment through a space the perimeter of which space is jointly defined by said first filament bight and said tubular member and lying in said second direction from said tubular member and moving said loop segment through said space from said first side to said second side of said tubular member thereby forming a second filament bight from said loop segment of said terminal segment;passing said second filament bight over said second tube end moving from said second side to said first side of said tubular member; andpassing said needle segment of said filament through said tubular member moving from said second tube end to said first tube end;said elongate channel member being a knot tightener, said knot tightener being substantially rigid, and having a handle portion and means for at least partially enveloping said slipknot for facilitating the advancement of said slipknot, once formed, along said filament toward said suture site for facilitating the tightening of said slipknot at said suture site.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

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