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US5558083: Nitric oxide delivery system

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Bathe; Duncan P. L. · Thomas S. Kohlmann · John R. Pinkert · Robert Q. Tham ·
Assignee(s) Ohmeda Inc. ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Roger M. Rathbun ·
Primary Examiner Aaron J. Lewis ·
Application Number US8156175
Filing date 11/22/1993
Issue date 09/24/1996
Predicted expiration date 11/22/2013
U.S. Classifications 128/203.12  · 128/203.14  ·
International Classifications A61M 1500  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 128202.22;203.12;203.14;203.25;205.23 ·
21 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A nitric oxide delivery system that is useable with any of a variety of gas delivery systems that provide breathing gas to a patient. The system detects the flow of gas delivered from the gas delivery system at various times and calculates the flow of a stream of nitric oxide in a diluent gas from a gas control valve. The flow of gas from the gas delivery system and the flow established from the flow control valve create a mixture having the desired concentration of nitric oxide for the patient. The system does not have to interrogate the particular gas delivery system being used but is an independent system that can be used with various flows, flow profiles and the like from gas delivery systems.

Independent Claims | See all claims (21)

  1. 1. A nitric oxide delivery system for providing a predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to a patient, said nitric oxide delivery system having a connection means adapted to be fluidly connected to a supply of nitric oxide having a known concentration of nitric oxide, said nitric oxide delivery system further comprising a patient circuit having an inspiratory limb adapted to receive a breathing gas from a gas delivery system and communicate the breathing gas to a patient, a flow transducer located in said inspiratory limb of said patient breathing circuit for sensing the total flow of gas delivered by a gas delivery system to the patient and providing a signal indicative of such flow, input means for providing a signal indicative of the predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to be delivered to said inspirator limb of said breathing circuit, a flow control valve controlling the flow of nitric oxide from a supply of nitric oxide, conduit means in said inspiratory limb of said patient breathing circuit receiving the flow of nitric oxide from said flow control valve and combining the flow into the flow of gas from a gas delivery system, and a signal processor responsive to the signal from said flow transducer and to the signal indicative of the predetermined concentration to provide a signal to said flow control valve to establish a flow of nitric oxide through said flow control valve to said conduit means in an amount to establish a nitric oxide concentration delivered to a patient in the predetermined concentration.
  2. 9. A nitric oxide delivery system for providing a predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to a patient, said system comprising a supply of nitric oxide having a known concentration, a gas delivery system for providing a breathing gas for delivery to a patient, said nitric oxide delivery system comprising a patient adapter receiving the breathing gas from said gas delivery system and connecting to a patient, said patient adapter having a passageway therethrough, a flow transducer within said patient adapter for sensing the total flow of breathing gas delivered by said gas delivery system and generating a signal indicative of such flow, control means for generating a signal indicative of the predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to be delivered to the patient from said patient adapter, a flow control valve controlling the flow of nitric oxide from said supply of nitric oxide, conduit means receiving the flow of the nitric oxide from said flow control valve and introducing the flow into said patient adapter, said flow of nitric oxide mixing within said patient adapter at a point downstream in said passageway from said flow transducer, and a signal processor responsive to the signal from said flow transducer representative of the sensed flow and to the signal from said control means to calculate and provide a signal to said flow control valve to establish a flow through said flow control valve to said patient adapter in an amount sufficient to establish a nitric oxide concentration delivered from said patient adapter to the patient in the predetermined amount.
  3. 15. A method of providing a predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to a patient, said method comprising the steps of:(a) providing a supply of pressurized nitric oxide gas of a known concentration,(b) providing a gas delivery system for delivering A flow of gas to a patient,(c) providing a patient breathing circuit having an inspiratory limb for receiving the flow of gas from the gas delivery system to deliver the flow of gas to a patient,(d) sensing the total flow of the gas delivered by the gas delivery system to a patient at a point in the inspiratory limb of the patient breathing circuit,(e) providing a signal indicative of the flow sensed in step (d),(f) providing a signal indicative of the predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to be delivered to a patient,(g) mixing a flow of gas from the gas delivery system and a flow of nitric oxide from the pressurized nitric oxide supply,(h) using the signals provided in steps (e) and (f) to control a flow of nitric oxide from the pressurized nitric oxide supply to establish a nitric oxide concentration delivered to the patient circuit in a predetermined amount.
  4. 19. A nitric oxide delivery system for providing a predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to a patient, said nitric oxide delivery system having a connection means adapted to be fluidly connected to a supply of nitric oxide of a known concentration, said nitric oxide delivery system further comprising an inspiratory conduit adapted to receive a breathing gas from a gas delivery system and communicate the breathing gas to a patient, a flow transducer for sensing the total flow of gas delivered by a gas delivery system through said inspiratory conduit to a patient and providing a signal indicative of such flow, an electronic input device operable by a user to select said predetermined nitric oxide concentration and to provide an electrical signal indicative of the predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to be delivered to a patient, an electrically operated proportional flow control valve controlling the flow of nitric oxide from a supply of nitric oxide, a mixing chamber within said inspiratory conduit receiving the flow of nitric oxide from said flow control valve and combining the flow into the flow of gas from a gas delivery system, a central processing unit (CPU) responsive to the signal from said flow transducer and to the electrical signal from said electronic input device indicative of the predetermined concentration to provide an electrical signal to operate said flow control valve to establish a flow of nitric oxide through said control valve to said conduit means in an amount to establish a nitric oxide concentration delivered to a patient in the predetermined amount and sensor means to detect the concentration of NO, O.sub.2 and NO.sub.2 in the gas delivered to a patient.
  5. 20. A nitric oxide delivery system for providing a predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to a patient, said system comprising a supply of nitric oxide having a known concentration, a mechanical ventilator for providing a plurality of breaths of varying flow of breathing gas for delivery to a patient, said nitric oxide delivery system comprising a flow transducer for sensing the flow of breathing gas delivered by said ventilator and generating a signal indicative of such flow, control means for generating a signal indicative of the predetermined concentration of nitric oxide to be delivered to the patient, a flow control valve controlling a flow of nitric oxide from said supply of nitric oxide, conduit means receiving the flow of the nitric oxide from said flow control valve and introducing the flow into the flow of gas from said ventilator, a central processing unit (CPU) responsive to the signal from said flow transducer representative of the sensed flow during each breath and said signal from said control means to calculate and provide a signal from said central processing unit to said flow control valve based on such calculation to establish a flow for the next succeeding breath through said flow control valve to said conduit means during each breath in an amount sufficient to establish a nitric oxide concentration delivered to the patient in the predetermined concentration.

References Cited

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Foreign Patent Documents

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CA2121384KREBS CHRISTIANJan 1994
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WO20WO9211052Jan 1992
WO20WO9210228Jan 1992

Other Publications

The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 90, No. 2, Aug. 1992, pp. 421-428.

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