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US5658095: Riser tensioner system for use on offshore platforms using elastomeric pads or helical metal compression springs

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Edward J. Arlt · Charles J. Moses ·
Assignee(s) Continental EMSCO Company ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Arnold, White & Durkee ·
Primary Examiner John A. Ricci ·
Application Number US8321926
Filing date 10/12/1994
Issue date 08/19/1997
Predicted expiration date 12/13/2010
U.S. Classifications 405/195.1  · 166/367  ·
International Classifications E02D 2300  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 166350;359;367 ·
Related U.S. Application DataThis application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 07/902,391, filed Jun. 18, 1992, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,366,324, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 07/628,439, filed Dec. 13, 1990, now abandoned.
17 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A riser tensioner system 10 is provided for use on offshore oil drilling platforms to support a riser 12 relative to a floating platform. The riser tensioner system 10 uses either elastomeric pads 32 or helical metal springs 100 as an energy absorbing medium, rather than hydraulic, or pneumatic systems. The elastomeric pads 32 or helical metal springs 100 are maintained in compression within a shock absorber housing 76 by a plunger 70 which is compressed by the weight of the riser 12. If the riser tensioner system 10 is arranged to place the shock absorber 20 in tension, the shock absorber plunger 70 is inverted in the housing 76 to maintain the elastomeric pads 32 or helical metal springs 100 in compression. To achieve varied response characteristics, nested inner and outer elastomeric pads 50, 52 or compression springs 102, 106 are arranged to act together. A varied response characteristic may also be obtained by varying the elastomeric pad modulus or the helical spring constant, or by use of conically shaped elastomeric pads 80.

Independent Claims | See all claims (17)

  1. 1. A riser tensioning system adapted for mounting between a floating platform and a riser and for applying a tensioning force to said riser as said floating platform moves vertically with respect to said riser, said system comprising:a shock absorber being operatively coupled between said floating platform and said riser, said shock absorber comprising:an elongated housing having a passage therein;a plurality of elastomeric elements disposed in a stack within said passage of said housing, said stack having a first end and a second end;a guide to prevent rotation of said elastomeric elements relative to one another; anda rod having an end extending into said passage of said housing, said end of said rod contacting said first end of said stack and compressing said plurality of elastomeric elements in response to relative movement between said riser and said floating platform.
  2. 8. A riser tensioning system adapted for mounting between a floating platform and a riser and for applying a tensioning force to said riser as said floating platform moves vertically with respect to said riser, said system comprising:a shock absorber being operatively coupled between said floating platform and said riser, said shock absorber comprising:an elongated housing having a passage therein;a plurality of elastomeric elements disposed in a stack within said passage of said housing, said stack having a first end and a second end;a guide to prevent rotation of said elastomeric elements relative to one another; anda rod having an end extending into said passage of said housing, said end of said rod contacting said first end of said stack and compressing said plurality of elastomeric elements in response to relative movement between said riser and said floating platform;wherein each of said plurality of elastomeric elements comprises:a first elastomeric disc;a second elastomeric disc; anda metallic disc positioned between and being coupled to said first elastomeric disc and said second elastomeric disc; andwherein said guide comprises:a metallic pin extending from said metallic disc through said first elastomeric disc; andan opening in said second elastomeric disc adapted to accept a metallic pin of an adjacent elastomeric element in said stack.
  3. 9. A riser tensioning system adapted for mounting between a floating platform and a riser and for applying a tensioning force to said riser as said floating platform moves vertically with respect to said riser, said system comprising:a strut having a first end and a second end, said first end being adapted to couple to said riser and said second end being adapted to couple to said floating platform;a shock absorber having a first end and a second end, said first end of said shock absorber being adapted to couple to said floating platform and said second end of said shock absorber being adapted to couple to said strut, said shock absorber comprising:an elongated housing having a passage therein;a plurality of elastomeric elements disposed in a stack within said passage of said housing, said stack having a first end and a second end;a guide to prevent rotation of said elastomeric elements relative to one another; anda rod having an end extending into said passage of said housing, said end of said rod contacting said first end of said stack and compressing said plurality of elastomeric elements in response to relative movement between said riser and said floating platform.
  4. 17.17. A riser tensioning system adapted for mounting between a floating platform and a riser and for applying a tensioning force to said riser as said floating platform moves vertically with respect to said riser, said system comprising:a strut having a first end and a second end, said first end being adapted to couple to said riser and said second end being adapted to couple to said floating platform;a shock absorber having a first end and a second end, said first end of said shock absorber being adapted to couple to said floating platform and said second end of said shock absorber being adapted to couple to said strut, said shock absorber comprising:an elongated housing having a passage therein;a plurality of elastomeric elements disposed in a stack within said passage of said housing, said stack having a first end and a second end, each of said plurality of elastomeric elements having complimentary interlocking portions to prevent rotation of said elastomeric elements relative to one another; anda rod having an end extending into said passage of said housing, said end of said rod contacting said first end of said stack and compressing said plurality of elastomeric elements in response to relative movement between said riser and said floating platform.

References Cited

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Foreign Patent Documents

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