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US5738761: Sewage treatment process and apparatus

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Ronald B. Fletcher ·
Assignee(s) Haron Research Corporation ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Murray E. Thrift ·
Primary Examiner Timothy McMahon ·
Application Number US8588570
Filing date 01/18/1996
Issue date 04/14/1998
Predicted expiration date 01/23/2015
U.S. Classifications 203/10  · 159/241  ·
International Classifications B01D 300  ·
Kind CodeA
International Classifications 202182;177;176;181 ·
Related U.S. Application DataCROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 08/377,036, filed 23 Jan. 1995 abandoned.
Foreign Priority CA2123175 - 05/09/1994 ·
9 Claims, No Drawings


Abstract

A waste water treatment system includes a preliminary first stage separator for separating an aqueous phase from other materials. A pressure vessel sedimentation follows for removing most of the remaining solids from the waste material. The liquid and a minor fraction of the solids then pass on to an evaporation vessel where the water vapor is removed, compressed and passed through a condenser inside the evaporator vessel to recycle heat in the evaporator. The condenser is a stacked plate heat exchanger of unique design with the plates separated by steam gaskets and water gaskets to provide a very high heat transfer surface area to volume ratio. The condensate from the condenser passes through a second heat exchanger that heats the liquid flowing into the evaporator. The effluent water is purified by the evaporation. The residual solids may be heat treated to evaporate residual moisture and to sterilize the solids using a steam-jacketed auger. The resultant solids may be used as fertilizer.

Independent Claims | See all claims (9)

  1. 1. A condensing heat exchanger comprising a plurality of parallel, flat plates and gaskets separating adjacent ones of the plates, wherein:each plate has at least one vapor opening therethrough and at least one condensate aperture therethrough;each gasket has at least one vapor opening therethrough and at least one condensate aperture therethrough;the plates and gaskets are stacked with the vapor openings aligned to comprise vapor plenum means extending through the plates and the gaskets and with the condensate apertures aligned to comprise condensate collection passage means extending through the plates and gaskets;alternate ones of the gaskets are vapor gaskets, each having a condensation opening therein defining a condensation chamber between the adjacent plates, vapor inlet passage means between each vapor opening and the condensation opening to deliver vapor to the condensation chamber from the vapor plenum means, and condensation outlet passage means between the condensation opening and each condensate aperture to drain condensate from the condensation opening to the condensation collection passage means; andthe remaining gaskets are liquid gaskets, each having a liquid heating opening therein defining a liquid heating chamber between the two adjacent plates, and each having liquid inlet openings defining inlet port means for admitting liquid into the liquid heating chamber, and liquid outlet openings defining liquid outlet port means for releasing heated liquid from the liquid heating chamber.
  2. 7. A waste water treatment evaporator comprising:a closed vessel;a waste water inlet to the vessel;a water vapor outlet from the vessel;pump means for pumping water vapor from the water vapor outlet;a first heat exchanger within the vessel comprising a plurality of parallel, flat plates and gaskets separating adjacent ones of the plates, and wherein:each plate has at least one vapor opening therethrough and at least one condensate aperture therethrough;each gasket has at least one vapor opening therethrough and at least one condensate aperture therethrough;the plates and gaskets are stacked with the vapor openings aligned to comprise vapor plenum means extending through the plates and the gaskets and with the condensate apertures aligned to comprise condensate collection passage means extending through the plates and gaskets;alternate ones of the gaskets are vapor gaskets, each having a condensation opening therein defining a condensation chamber between the adjacent plates, vapor inlet passage means between each vapor opening and the condensation opening to deliver vapor to the condensation chamber from the vapor plenum means, and condensation outlet passage means between the condensation opening and each condensate aperture to drain condensate from the condesation opening to the condensation collection passage means; andthe remaining gaskets are liquid gaskets, each having a liquid heating opening therein defining a liquid heating chamber between the two adjacent plates, and each having liquid inlet openings defining inlet port means for admitting liquid into the liquid heating chamber, and liquid outlet openings defining liquid outlet port means for releasing heated liquid from the liquid heating chamber;a vapor conduit connected to the pump means and the vapor plenum means for delivering water vapor from the pump means to the vapor plenum means;an outlet duct connected to the condensate collection passage means for discharging condensed water vapor; anda second heat exchanger externally of the vessel and having a first heat exchange passage for waste water upstream of the waste water inlet to the vessel and a second heat exchange passage for condensed water vapor downstream from the vessel.

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