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US6530956: Resorbable scaffolds to promote cartilage regeneration

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Kevin A. Mansmann ·
Assignee(s) None listed in document.
Attorney/Agent(s) Patrick D. Kelly ·
Primary Examiner Corrine McDermott ·
Assistant Examiner Hieu Phan ·
Application Number US9393522
Filing date 09/10/1999
Issue date 03/11/2003
Predicted expiration date 09/10/2019
U.S. Classifications 623/181.1  ·
International Classifications --
Kind CodeB1
International Classifications 623 1911- 1914 · 623 2011- 2028 · 623 1711- 1716 · 623 1811 · 623 1812 · 623 1611 ·
Related U.S. Application DataRELATED APPLICATION
This application claims priority based on provisional patent application No. 60/099,817, filed on Sep. 10, 1998.
24 Claims, 5 Drawings


Abstract

A load-sharing resorbable scaffold is used to help transplanted chondrocytes or other cells generate new cartilage in a damaged joint such as a knee, hip, or shoulder. These scaffolds use two distinct matrix materials. One is a relatively stiff matrix material, designed to withstand and resist a compressive articulating load placed on the joint during the convalescent period, shortly after surgery. Due to the requirement for relatively high stiffness, this material must be denser and have less pore space than other matrices, so it will not be able to support highly rapid cell proliferation and cartilage secretion. The second material comprises a more open and porous matrix, designed to promote maximal rapid generation of new cartilage. In one preferred geometric arrangement, the stiffer matrix material is used to provide an outer rim and one or more internal runners, all of which can distribute a compressive load between them. The rim and runners create a cluster of internal cell-growing compartments, which are filled with the porous and open matrix material to encourage rapid cell reproduction and cartilage generation. These improved scaffolds can also have an articulating outer membrane with certain traits disclosed herein, bonded to and resting upon the upper edges of the runners and rim. The scaffold will support the membrane with a degree of stiffness and resiliency that allows the membrane to mimic a healthy cartilage surface. These scaffolds can be made of flexible materials, to allow them to be inserted into a damaged joint using arthroscopic methods and tools.

Independent Claims | See all claims (24)

  1. 1. A surgically implantable device for repairing a segment of damaged cartilage in a mammalian joint, comprising a biocompatible scaffold which is designed and fabricated to promote formation of cartilage by chondrocyte cells which can be embedded therein prior to surgical implantation, and wherein the biocompatible scaffold has an articulating surface on a first side and an anchoring surface on an opposed second side, and wherein the biocompatible scaffold comprises: a. at least one first portion made of a first relatively stiff matrix material which is porous, is gradually resorbable when in contact with body fluids, and promotes cell replication and secretion of cartilage-forming constituents by transplanted cells embedded within said first portion, and which is designed to withstand and resist a compressive articulating load placed on the joint after surgical implantation of the biocompatible scaffold but before substantial resorption of the first matrix material; b. at least one second portion made of a second matrix material which is porous and gradually resorbable and which is designed and fabricated to promote optimal rapid cartilage formation following surgical implantation, by chondrocyte cells or mesenchymal stem cells embedded within the second matrix material or by progeny cells thereof.
  2. 11. A surgically implantable device designed for repairing damaged cartilage in an articulating joint, comprising a resorbable scaffold having an articulating surface, an opposed anchoring surface, and at least two wall components which extend from the articulating surface to the opposed anchoring surface, wherein: (a) the device is designed for surgical implantation into a cartilage defect surface area, in a manner which anchors and secures the anchoring surface of the device against an existing bone or cartilage surface, leaving the articulating surface of the device exposed; (b) the wall components of the device, after surgical implantation, will subdivide the cartilage defect surface area into smaller areas; and, (c) the wall components of the device, after surgical implantation, will create a plurality of protected enclosed compartments, each of which will promote chondrocyte cell maturation and development of hyaline cartilage within that protected enclosed compartment.
  3. 21. A surgical implant device for repairing a segment of damaged cartilage in a mammalian joint, comprising a resorbable cell-growing scaffold which is designed and fabricated to promote formation of cartilage by transplanted cells embedded within the scaffold, wherein the scaffold comprises a continuous peripheral wall which establishes and encloses at least one internal compartment suited for growing cells following surgical implantation, wherein the peripheral wall further establishes an articulating surface on a first side of the scaffold and an anchoring surface which is open to fluid flow on an opposed second side of the scaffold, and wherein the peripheral wall is made of a porous matrix material which is gradually resorbable when in contact with body fluids, and which prior to biological resorption following surgery has sufficient strength and stiffness to withstand and resist a compressive articulating load placed on the joint after surgical implantation of the scaffold, in a manner which allows a moderate compressive load to be placed on any fluid and cells in each internal compartment enclosed within the peripheral wall, in a manner which promotes formation of hyaline cartilage within each internal compartment following surgery and also allows formation of hyaline cartilage by cells embedded within the porous matrix material of the peripheral wall, following surgical implantation.
  4. 23. A surgical implant device for repairing a segment of damaged cartilage in a mammalian joint, comprising a resorbable scaffold which is designed and fabricated to promote formation of cartilage by transplanted cells protected by the scaffold following surgical implantation, wherein the scaffold comprises a continuous outer peripheral wall and at least one internal runner, wherein: (a) the outer peripheral wall and runner(s), working together, establish and define a plurality of internal compartments which will be suited for holding cartilage-forming cells following surgery; (b) the outer peripheral wall and runner(s) further establish an articulating surface on a first side of the scaffold, and an anchoring surface which is open to fluid flow on an opposed second side of the scaffold; (c) the outer peripheral wall and runner(s) are made of a material which is gradually resorbable when in contact with body fluids, and which prior to biological resorption following surgery has sufficient strength and stiffness to withstand and resist a compressive articulating load placed on the joint after surgical implantation of the resorbable scaffold into the joint, in a manner which allows a moderate compressive load to be placed on any fluid and cells within each internal compartment, thereby promoting formation of hyaline cartilage within each internal compartment following surgical implantation.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

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