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US6571869: Downhole surge pressure reduction and filtering apparatus

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Clayton Stanley Pluchek · Gerald Dean Pedersen · Richard Lee Giroux · Thad Joseph Scott · David Michael Haugen ·
Assignee(s) Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Moser, Patterson & Sheridan, L.L.P. ·
Primary Examiner Hoang Dang ·
Application Number US9524180
Filing date 03/13/2000
Issue date 06/03/2003
Predicted expiration date 03/13/2020
U.S. Classifications 166/177.4  · 166/242.8  · 166/205  · 166/157  · 166/327  · 166/105.3  ·
International Classifications --
Kind CodeB1
International Classifications 166296 · 166157 · 166158 · 1661774 · 1662428 · 1662421 · 166205 · 166327 · 1661053 · 1661051 · 166 74 ·
13 Claims, 16 Drawings


Abstract

The present invention provides a downhole cementing apparatus run into a borehole on a tubular. The apparatus is constructed on the pipe in such a way that pressure surge during run-in is reduced by allowing fluid to enter the pipe and utilize the fluid pathway of the cement. In one aspect of the invention, an inner member is provided that filters fluid as it enters the fluid pathway. In another aspect of the invention, various methods are provided within the cementing apparatus to loosen and displace sediment in the borehole prior to cementing.

Independent Claims | See all claims (13)

  1. 1. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a borehole; a flow restrictor at the downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member; a tubular outer body substantially open at a downhole end to the inward flow of fluid; and a baffle collar disposed proximate an upper end of the tool, the baffle collar permitting the upward flow of fluid therethrough.
  2. 3. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a borehole; a flow restrictor at the downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member; a tubular outer body substantially open at a downhole end to the inward flow of fluid; and a baffle collar proximate an upper end thereof, the baffle collar having: at least one sealable by-pass channel permitting the upward flow of fluid as the tool is run into the borehole; and a restrictor permitting one-way fluid passage therethrough for the downward flow of fluid.
  3. 6. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a bore hole; a flow restrictor at the downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member; and at least one collection member disposed within the annulus, the collection member constructed and arranged to allow fluid and particles to pass in the direction of the well surface while preventing the particles from returning to the bore hole.
  4. 8. A cementing apparatus for facilitating the filtering of fluid in a borehole comprising: a body, connectable in a tubular string; a filter member; a particulate retention chamber for retaining filtered particles; a fluid flow channel directed through the retention chamber and the filter member; and a cement flow channel that substantially bypasses the filter member.
  5. 9. An apparatus for use in a borehole comprising: a body, connectable in a tubular string; a filter member; a particulate retention chamber for retaining filtered particles; a fluid flow channel directed through the retention chamber and the filter member; and a cement flow channel that substantially bypasses the filter member.
  6. 10. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a borehole, wherein the inner member includes: a plurality of perforations formed therein and providing a fluid flow path therethrough, wherein the plurality of perforations may be selectively opened or closed to the flow of fluid therethrough; an inner sleeve disposed therein, the inner sleeve having perforations therethrough that may be aligned with the perforations through the inner member allowing fluid to flow therethrough and the perforations through the inner sleeve may be misaligned with the perforations through the inner member thereby preventing fluid from flowing therethrough, wherein the perforations through the inner sleeve are aligned and misaligned with the perforations through the inner member by moving the sleeve axially within the inner member; and a flow restrictor at a downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member.
  7. 11. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a borehole, the tubular inner member having a plurality of perforations formed therein and providing a fluid flow path therethrough, wherein the plurality of perforations may be remotely, selectively opened or closed to the flow of fluid therethrough through the use of coiled tubing; and a flow restrictor at a downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member.
  8. 12. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a borehole, the tubular inner member having a plurality of perforations formed therein and providing a fluid flow path therethrough, wherein the plurality of perforations may be remotely, selectively opened or closed to the flow of fluid therethrough through the use of wire line; and a flow restrictor at a downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member.
  9. 13. A cementing tool for use in a tubular string comprising: a tubular inner member constructed and arranged to filter and pass fluid through the member as the tool is run into a borehole, the tubular inner member having a plurality of perforations formed therein and providing a fluid flow path therethrough, wherein the plurality of perforations may be remotely, selectively opened or closed to the flow of fluid therethrough through the use of a projectile dropped from above; and a flow restrictor at a downhole end of the inner member to at least partially prevent fluid from entering the end of the inner member while allowing fluid to exit the end of the inner member.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
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Foreign Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
EP0617195HALLIBURTON COMPANYMar 1994
EP0617195HALLIBURTON COMPANYMar 1994
FR2543213TURKMENSK NI GEOLOGORASVEDOCSep 1984
GB2338009HEAD PHILIPDec 1999
* cited by examiner

Other Publications

PCT International Search Report, Dated May 18, 2001.