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US6817551: Convertible plural bin and conveyor material spreader

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) John Williams · Gerald Brechon ·
Assignee(s) Highway Equipment Company ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Simmons, Perrine, Albright & Ellwood, PLC ·
Primary Examiner Michael Mar ·
Assistant Examiner Thach H. Bui ·
Application Number US10063340
Filing date 04/12/2002
Issue date 11/16/2004
Prior Publication Data
Predicted expiration date 01/01/2023
Patent term adjustment 264
U.S. Classifications 239/656  · 222/135  · 239/675  · 222/545  · 239/657  ·
International Classifications --
Kind CodeB2
International Classifications 239656 · 239657 · 239663 · 239672 · 239675 · 239676 · 222135 · 222138 · 222545 · 222610 · 222626 · 291 33 ·
44 Claims, 17 Drawings


Abstract

A convertible material spreader in which a single hopper bin with a conveyor is converted into a dual bin hopper with dual independent conveyors by nesting a secondary hopper and conveyor combination into the primary bin after removing an end gate.

Independent Claims | See all claims (44)

  1. 1. A material spreader comprising: a first means for containing comprising a first means for containing front wall, a first bottom portion and a first means for containing first side wall; a second means for containing, said second means for containing having a second means for containing front wall, a second bottom portion, and a second means for containing first side wall; means for moving material from said first means for containing; means for moving material from said second means for containing; said means for moving material from said second means for containing, in combination with said second means for containing, are configured for moving material at variable rates, including a rate different from said means for moving material from said first means for containing; wherein said second means for containing is substantially disposed within an interior portion of said first means for containing; wherein said first means for containing front wall is entirely separate and distinct from said second means for containing front wall, and said first means for containing side wall is entirely separate and distinct from at least a portion of said second means for containing first side wall; wherein said second bottom portion is disposed above said first bottom portion, and at least a portion of said second means for containing is entirely removable from said first means for containing; and means for spreading material which is moved by said means for moving material from said first means for containing and said means for moving material from said second means for containing.
  2. 4. A material spreader comprising: a first means for containing comprising a first means for containing front wall, a first bottom portion and a first means for containing first side wall; a second means for containing, said second means for containing having a second means for containing front wall, a second bottom portion, and a second means for containing first side wall; means for moving material from said first means for containing; means for moving material from said second means for containing; said means for moving material from said second means for containing, in combination with said second means for containing, are configured for moving material at variable rates, including a rate different from said means for moving material from said first means for containing; wherein said second means for containing is, at least in part, disposed within an interior portion of said first means for containing; wherein said first means for containing front wall is entirely separate and distinct from said second means for containing front wall, and said first means for containing side wall is entirely separate and distinct from at least a portion of said second means for containing first side wall; wherein said second bottom portion is disposed above said first bottom portion, and at least a portion of said second means for containing is entirely removable from said first means for containing; means for spreading material which is moved by said means for moving material from said first means for containing and said means for moving material from said second means for containing; and wherein said first means for containing has a removable first end wall opposing said first means for containing front wall.
  3. 5. A material spreader comprising: a first means for containing comprising a first means for containing front wall, a first bottom portion and a first means for containing first side wall; a second means for containing, said second means for containing having a second means for containing front wall, a second bottom portion, and a second means for containing first side wall; means for moving material from said first means for containing; means for moving material from said second means for containing; said means for moving material from said second means for containing, in combination with said second means for containing, are configured for moving material at variable rates, including a rate different from said means for moving material from said first means for containing; wherein said second means for containing is, at least in part, disposed within an interior portion of said first means for containing; wherein said first means for containing front wall is entirely separate and distinct from said second means for containing front wall, and said first means for containing side wall is entirely separate and distinct from at least a portion of said second means for containing first side wall; wherein said second bottom portion is disposed above said first bottom portion, and at least a portion of said second means for containing is entirely removable from said first means for containing; means for spreading material which is moved by said means for moving material from said first means for containing and said means for moving material from said second means for containing; wherein said means for moving material from said first means for containing is a first conveyor; and wherein said means for moving material from said second means for containing is a second conveyor disposed above said first conveyor.
  4. 12. A method of spreading material comprising the steps of: providing a first bin containing, a first material; providing a first conveyor below said first bin for moving said first material; providing a removable end wall on said first bin; operating said first conveyor and causing said first material to be dispersed; removing said removable end wall; inserting, into a portion of said first bin, a complete second bin configured for retaining a second material therein, and second conveyor coupled thereto for moving said second material; operating said second conveyor; and simultaneously operating said first conveyor and moving said first material and thereby simultaneously allowing delivery of both said first material and said second material.
  5. 16. An apparatus comprising: first means for containing a first material where said first material is loaded through an opening in a top section and dispensed through an opening in a bottom section to a first conveyor; second means for containing a second material separate from said first material, such that said second means for containing is disposed substantially within said first means for containing; said second means for containing coupled to a second means for moving said second material; said second means for containing being configured to be removable from said first means for containing a first material; and whereby said first conveyor and said second means for moving said second material cooperate to provide for an output mixture, with variable composition, via differences in relative output rates of said first conveyor and said second means for moving.
  6. 17. An apparatus comprising: first means for containing a first material where said first material is loaded through an opening in a top section and dispensed through an opening in a bottom section to a first conveyor; second means for containing a second material separate from said first material such that said second means for containing is disposed substantially within said first means for containing; said second means for containing coupled to a second means for moving said second material; said second means for containing being configured to be removable from said first means for containing a first material; whereby said first conveyor and said second means for moving said second material cooperate to provide for an output mixture, with variable composition, via differences in relative output rates of said first conveyor and said second means for means for dispersing said output mixture; said first means for containing is a first hopper having a portion thereof with a substantially “V”-shaped cross-section, the first hopper further being configured to receive a removable rear end wall; said second means for containing is a second hopper, where said second hopper is sized and configured to be nested within said first hopper at a rear end of said first hopper when said second means for moving is coupled to said second hopper and said removable rear end wall is absent; and wherein said second means for moving said second material and said second means for containing are removable from said first means for containing as a single unit.
  7. 19. A material spreader comprising: a frame having a plurality of wheels thereon; a first hopper bin coupled to said frame, said first hopper bin being substantially “V”-shaped and having an open top configured to receive material being loaded into said first hopper bin; said first hopper bin having a substantially planar front end and a pair of side walls having a differential separation therebetween; said first hopper bin having a structure therein configured for receiving a removable rear end wall which is opposing said substantially planar front end; a first conveyor, disposed beneath said first hopper bin, said first conveyor sized and configured to transport material exiting from a first bottom portion of said first hopper bin, said first conveyor transporting material along a longitudinal axis of said first hopper bin, in a direction orthogonal to and away from said substantially planar front end; a second hopper bin disposed, at least in part, within said first hopper bin, said second hopper bin being substantially “V”-shaped and having an open top configured to receive material being loaded into said second hopper bin; a second conveyor, disposed beneath said second hopper bin, said second conveyor sized and configured to transport material exiting from a second bottom portion of said second hopper bin, said second conveyor transporting material along a longitudinal axis of said first hopper bin, in a direction orthogonal to and away from said substantially planar front end; said second hopper bin and said second conveyor being configured so as to be removable, as a single combined unit, from said first hopper bin; means for driving said first conveyor and said second conveyor at independently variable rates; means for controlling a volumetric characteristic of material being transported by said second conveyor on a per-rotation basis of said second conveyor, and spinning means for dispersing material carried by said first conveyor and said second conveyor.
  8. 20. A multi-bin container comprising: a mobile wheeled frame; a first means for containing a first material having a first conveyor, said first means for containing coupled to said mobile wheeled frame; a removable second means for containing a second material having a second endless belt-type conveyor; said second means for containing being positioned and configured to be transported by said mobile wheeled frame; and said first conveyor and said second endless belt-type conveyor being configured so as to first mix said first material and said second material after said first material has departed from said first conveyor and after said second material has departed from said second endless belt-type conveyor.
  9. 24. A multi-bin container comprising: a mobile wheeled frame; a first means for containing a first material having a first conveyor, said first means for containing coupled to said mobile wheeled frame; a second means for containing a second material having a second conveyor; said second means for containing being positioned and configured to be transported by said mobile wheeled frame; said first conveyor and said second conveyor being configured so as to first mix said first material and said second material after said first material has departed from said first conveyor and after said second material has departed from said second conveyor; a means for spreading material, said means for spreading coupled to said mobile wheeled frame; wherein said means for spreading material comprises a plurality of spinners; wherein each of said plurality of spinners is positioned and configured to spread both said first material and said second material: and wherein said first conveyor and said second conveyor are configured to be independently operated at differing material delivery rates in response to a position determination made by a GPS receiver.
  10. 25. A system for applying material to a surface of a roadway comprising: a truck; a first bin, on said truck, and a first means for moving a first material from said first bin; a second bin, on said truck, and a second means for moving a second material from said second bin; means for determining a position of said truck; a database containing information relating to a type of preferred material to be applied to a roadway at a predetermined location; means for spreading material on said roadway; and wherein an application rate of material spread by said means for spreading is controlled in response to a comparison of said position of said truck to said database.
  11. 34. A method of spreading material comprising the steps of: providing a wheeled vehicle, having a front end and a rear end; providing, on said wheeled vehicle, a plurality of first bin walls configured for assisting in containing a first particulate material; providing a first conveyor located below said first particulate material and coupled to at least one of said plurality of first bin walls; operating said first conveyor and causing said first particulate material to be moved; causing a plurality of truncated second bin side wall members to assist the plurality of first bin walls in retaining a second particulate material, above a second conveyor and above a lower portion of said plurality of first bin walls; operating said second conveyor; and simultaneously operating said first conveyor end moving said first particulate material and thereby simultaneously allowing delivery of both said first particulate material and said second particulate material.
  12. 37. A particulate matter spreading apparatus comprising: a vehicle frame having a first end and a second end; a first end wall, an opposing second end wall, and two side walls extending from said first end wall to said second end wall; a first container having a first volume characteristic and a second container having a second volume characteristic; said first container and said second container disposed on said vehicle frame in a linear configuration where one of said first container and said second container is disposed in closer proximity to said first end of said vehicle frame; a removable wall disposed between and separating said first container from said second container; said first container being defined in part by said first end wall and said removable wall; said second container being defined in part by said removable wall and said second end wall; first means for moving particulate matter; said first means for moving particulate matter is configured to move particulate matter from said first container; second means for moving particulate matter; said second means for moving particulate matter is configured to move particulate matter from said second container; means to disperse particulate matter from said first means for moving and said second means for moving; and said second means for moving particulate matter is detachably disposed with respect to said vehicle frame and said first means for moving particulate matter; so that a unified container, having a volume characteristic larger than the combination of said first volume characteristic and said second volume characteristic, can be created by removing said removable wall and said second means for moving particulate matter.
  13. 40. An apparatus for spreading matter comprising: a vehicle frame; a front bin coupled to said vehicle frame; a lower conveyor disposed below the front bin, said lower conveyor configured to wove material from said front bin; a rear bin; an upper conveyor detachably disposed above said lower conveyor and disposed below said rear bin, said upper conveyor configured to move material from said rear bin; means for dispersing particulate matter delivered by said lower conveyor and said upper conveyor; and a removable wall forming a rear wall of said front bin and a front wall of said rear bin; said removable wall being configured so that removal of said removable wall and said upper conveyor thereby creates a unified space for containing material, which unified space is larger than a combination of said front bin and said rear bin.
  14. 43. A method of converting a single bin spreader vehicle to a multi-bin spreader vehicle, comprising the steps of: providing a vehicle having a first elongated hopper bin with a front end, a rear end, and a right side wall and a left side wall, and a first elongated endless belt-type conveyor disposed underneath the first elongated hopper bin; the vehicle further having a spinner configured to disperse particulate matter being carried by the first elongated endless belt-type conveyor from the first elongated hopper bin; causing the first elongated hopper bin to be divided into a front bin and a rear bin, by causing a removable wall, placed at an intermediate location between the front end and the rear end, to span between the right side wait and the left side wall; and causing the rear bin to be separate from the first elongated endless belt-type conveyor by: causing a right truncated side wall member to span a distance from a rear endless belt-type conveyor to the right side wall and a left truncated side wall member to span a distance from the rear endless belt-type conveyor to the left side wall; where the rear endless belt-type conveyor is a detachably disposed above a rear portion of the first elongated endless belt-type conveyor.
  15. 44. A multi-bin container comprising: a mobile wheeled frame; a first means for containing a first material, said first means for containing comprising a first conveyor, said first means for containing coupled to said mobile wheeled frame; a removable second means for containing a second material having a second conveyor, said second means for containing being positioned and configured to be transported by said mobile wheeled frame; said first conveyor and said second conveyor being configured so as to first mix said first material and said second material after said first material has departed from said first conveyor and after said second material has departed from said second conveyor; and said removable second means for containing being sized, disposed and configured such that removal of said removable second means for containing results in an increase in available space for containing said first material on said mobile wheeled frame.

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Referenced By

Document NumberAssigneeInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US7293723 Rockit Corp. Cal G Niemela et al. Nov 2007
US7104478 Rockit Corporation Cal G Niemela et al. Sep 2006
US7380733 Barron & Brothers International Steve Owenby et al. Jun 2008
US8626400 --
US8696341 --

Patent Family

Document NumberAssigneeInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US20040026544 Gerald Brechon et al. Feb 2004
US6817551 Highway Equipment Company John Williams et al. Nov 2004