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US7071406: Array of single-wall carbon nanotubes

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Richard E. Smalley · Daniel T. Colbert · Hongjie Dai · Jie Liu · Andrew G. Rinzler · Jason H. Hafner · Kenneth A. Smith · Ting Guo · Pavel Nikolaev · Andreas Thess ·
Assignee(s) William Marsh Rice University ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Ross Spencer Garsson · Edward T. Mickelson · Winstead Sechrest & Minick P.C. ·
Primary Examiner Stuart Hendrickson ·
Application Number US10033050
Filing date 12/28/2001
Issue date 07/04/2006
Prior Publication Data
Predicted expiration date 10/26/2018
Patent term adjustment 234
U.S. Classifications 136/252  · 977/DIG.1  · 429/231.8  · 423/447.2  ·
International Classifications B82B100  · D01F912  ·
Kind CodeB2
Related U.S. Application DataThis application is a divisional of prior U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/380,545, filed on Dec. 22, 1999, entitled “CARBON FIBERS FORMED FROM SINGLE-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES,” (issued as U.S. Pat. No. 6,683,783 on Jan. 27, 2004), which is the 35 U.S.C. § 371 national application of International Application Number PCT/US98/04513 filed on Mar. 6, 1998, which designated the United States, claiming priority to: provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 60/067,325, filed on Dec. 5, 1997; provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 60/064,531, filed on Nov. 5, 1997; provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 60/063,675, filed on Oct. 29, 1997; provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 60/055,037, filed on Aug. 8, 1997; provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 60/047,854, filed on May 29, 1997; and provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 60/040,152, filed on Mar. 7, 1997. Each of the foregoing applications is commonly assigned to the assignee of the present invention and is hereby incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
14 Claims, 21 Drawings


Abstract

This invention relates generally to forming an array of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT). In one embodiment, a macroscopic molecular array is provided comprising at least about 106 single-wall carbon nanotubes in generally parallel orientation and having substantially similar lengths in the range of from about 5 to about 500 nanometers.

Independent Claims | See all claims (14)

  1. 1. A macroscopic molecular array comprising at least about 106 single-wall carbon nanotubes, wherein (a) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the macroscopic molecular array are in generally parallel orientation, and (b) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the macroscopic molecular array have a substantially similar length, wherein the similar length is in the range of from about 5 to about 500 nanometers.
  2. 11. A solar cell for converting broad spectrum light energy into electrical current comprising a molecular array as the photon collector, wherein (a) the molecular array comprises at least about 106 single-wall carbon nanotubes, (b) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the molecular array are in generally parallel orientation, and (c) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the molecular array have a substantially similar length, wherein the similar length is in the range of from about 5 to about 500 nanometers.
  3. 13. A microporous anode for an electrochemical cell comprising a molecular array, wherein (a) the molecular array comprises at least about 106 single-wall carbon nanotubes, (b) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the molecular array are in generally parallel orientation, and (c) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the molecular array have a substantially similar length, wherein the similar length is in the range of from about 5 to about 500 nanometers.
  4. 14. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising an anode, a cathode comprising LiCoO2 and an aprotic organic electrolyte wherein, (a) a fullerene intercalating compound of lithium forms at the anode under charging conditions, (b) the anode comprises a molecular array; (c) the molecular array comprises at least about 106 single-wall carbon nanotubes; (d) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the molecular array are in generally parallel orientation; and (e) all of the single-wall carbon nanotubes in the molecular array have a substantially similar length, wherein the similar length is in the range of from about 5 to about 500 nanometers.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US5698175 NEC Corporation Hiura et al. Dec 1997
US6645455* William Marsh Rice University Margrave et al. Nov 2003

Foreign Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
EP1176234HYPERION CATALYSIS INTERNATIONAL, INC.Dec 1993
* cited by examiner

Other Publications

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Thess, et al., “Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes,” Science, vol. 273, Jul. 26, 1996, pp. 483-487.
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Ajayan, et al., “Nanometre-size tubes of carbon,” Rep. Prog. Phys., vol. 60, 1997, pp. 1025-1062.
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Ajayan, et al., “Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays Formed by Cutting a Polymer Resin-Nanotube Composite,” Science, vol. 265, Aug. 26, 1994, pp. 1212-1214.
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Rinzler, et al., “Field Emission and Growth of Fullerene Nanotubes,” Presented at the Fall, 1994 MRS Meeting, Nov. 28, 1994, Boston, submitted for MRS proceedings, vol. 359.
Gamaly, et al., “Mechansim of carbon nanotube formation in the arc discharge,” Physical Review B, vol. 52, No. 3, Jul. 15, 1995-1, pp. 2083-2089.
Ge, et al. “Scanning tunneling microscopy of single-shell nanotubes of carbon,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 65(18), Oct. 31, 1994, pp. 2284-2286.
Ajayan et al., “Opening carbon nanotubes with oxygen and implications for filing,” Nature, vol. 362, pp. 522-525 (Apr. 8, 1993).
Stephan et al. “Doping Graphitic and Carbon Nanotube Structures with Boron and Nitrogen,” Science, vol. 266, pp. 1683-1685, Dec. 1994.
Kiang, Ching-Hwa et al. “Carbon Nanotubes With Single-Layer Walls,” Carbon, 1995, vol. 33, No. 7, pp. 903-914.
Kiang, Ching-Hwa et al. “Structural Modification of Single-Layer Carbon nanotubes with an Electron Beam,” J. Phys. Chem., 1996, vol. 100, pp. 3749-3752.

Referenced By

Document NumberAssigneeInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US7589880 The Trustees of Boston College Krzysztof J. Kempa et al. Sep 2009
US7623746 The Trustees of Boston College Michael J. Naughton et al. Nov 2009
US7465519 The HongKong University of Science and Technology Zikang Tang et al. Dec 2008
US7632569 William Marsh Rice University Richard E. Smalley et al. Dec 2009
US7163956 C Sixty Inc. Stephen R. Wilson et al. Jan 2007
US7634162 The Trustees of Boston College Krzysztof J. Kempa et al. Dec 2009
US7875212 University of Hawaii Mohammad Naghi Ghasemi Nejhad et al. Jan 2011
US7893423 Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation Vincent Gambin et al. Feb 2011
US7649665 The Trustees of Boston College Krzysztof J. Kempa et al. Jan 2010
US7655302 William Marsh Rice University Richard E. Smalley et al. Feb 2010
US7658870 University of Hawaii Mohammad Naghi Ghasemi Nejhad et al. Feb 2010
US7678672 Northrop Grumman Space & Mission Systems Corp. Vincent Gambin et al. Mar 2010
US7736616 Colorado School of Mines Mark Thomas Lusk et al. Jun 2010
US7754964 The Trustees of Boston College Krysztof J. Kempa et al. Jul 2010
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