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US8105074: Reliable ignition of hot oxygen generator

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) William John Mahoney · Bryan R. Bielec · Gary Thomas Vardian · Adrian Christian Deneys · Michael Francis Riley · William Eric Slye ·
Assignee(s) Praxair Technology, Inc. ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Donald T. Black ·
Primary Examiner Kenneth Rinehart ·
Assistant Examiner William Corboy ·
Application Number US12490652
Filing date 06/24/2009
Issue date 01/31/2012
Prior Publication Data
Predicted expiration date 03/24/2030
Patent term adjustment 273
U.S. Classifications 431/11  · 431/233  · 431/207  ·
International Classifications F23D1144  ·
Kind CodeB2
Related U.S. Application DataCROSS-RELATED TO RELATED APPLICATION
The present invention claims priority to U.S. provisional patent application Ser. No. 61/076,716, filed Jun. 30, 2008, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
4 Claims, 4 Drawings


Abstract

A stream of hot oxygen is formed by providing a duct and a fuel lance movable axially within the duct, flowing gaseous fuel out of the lance into the duct, mixing it in the duct with gaseous oxidant, flowing the mixture out of the duct into an atmosphere which is hot enough that it ignites the mixture without aid of an ignition source other than said atmosphere, and combusting said mixture in a flame that does not extend into said duct; then moving the lance so its fuel outlet approaches the duct exit orifice so that the base of said flame moves inside said duct to the fuel outlet; and then moving the lance to draw the fuel outlet and the flame attached thereto away from the exit orifice into the duct; and increasing the flow rate of gaseous oxidant in said duct, so that combustion of fuel within the duct heats uncombusted oxygen which emerges as a stream of hot oxidant.

Independent Claims | See all claims (4)

  1. 1. A method of igniting and forming a stream of hot oxygen, comprising: (A) providing a duct having an exit orifice, and providing immediately outside said exit orifice an atmosphere which is hot enough that it ignites the mixture of gaseous oxidant and gaseous fuel that is formed in step (B) without aid of an ignition source other than said atmosphere, and providing a hollow fuel lance positioned inside said duct and movable axially within said duct, said lance having a fuel outlet at the end of said lance that is closer to said exit orifice of said duct; (B) flowing gaseous fuel within said fuel lance and out of said fuel outlet into said duct in the space in said duct between said fuel outlet and said exit orifice, and flowing gaseous oxidant in said duct toward said exit orifice into said space, thereby forming a mixture of said gaseous oxidant and said gaseous fuel in said space, and providing immediately outside said exit orifice an atmosphere which is hot enough that it can ignite said mixture of gaseous oxidant and gaseous fuel without aid of an ignition source other than said atmosphere; (C) flowing said mixture out of said duct through said exit orifice into said atmosphere which is hot enough that it ignites said mixture without aid of an ignition source other than said atmosphere, and combusting said mixture in a flame that does not extend into said duct; (D) then moving said fuel lance so as to move said fuel outlet toward said exit orifice, so that said fuel outlet is inside said duct exit orifice or protrudes out of said exit orifice, so that the base of said flame moves to said fuel outlet, and then (E) moving said fuel lance so as to move said fuel outlet away from said exit orifice inside said duct while maintaining said flame with its base at said fuel outlet inside said duct, and (F) after the base of said flame has moved to said fuel outlet, increasing the flow rate of said gaseous oxidant in said duct toward said exit orifice, wherein at said increased flow rate the oxygen in said gaseous oxidant is in stoichiometric excess required for complete combustion relative to said gaseous fuel being flowed into said duct, and said excess oxygen is heated in said duct by said combustion and emerges from said exit orifice as a stream of hot oxidant.

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
US2439609 COMB ENG CO INC Mittendorf Apr 1948
US2604510 GEN ELECTRIC Berkey Jul 1952
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US5266024 Praxair Technology, Inc. Anderson Nov 1993
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Foreign Patent Documents

Document NumberAssigneesInventorsIssue/Pub Date
DE102004037620AIR LIQUIDE DEUTSCHLAND GMBHFeb 2006
GB654340COLUMBIAN CARBONJun 1951
* cited by examiner

Referenced By

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