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US8162985: Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine

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Filing Information

Inventor(s) Daniel H. Kim ·
Assignee(s) The Board of Trustees of The Leland Stanford Junior University ·
Attorney/Agent(s) Meyertons, Hood, Kivlin, Kowert & Goetzel, P.C. · Eric B. Meyertons ·
Primary Examiner Thomas C. Barrett ·
Assistant Examiner Andrew Yang ·
Application Number US10970366
Filing date 10/20/2004
Issue date 04/24/2012
Prior Publication Data
Predicted expiration date 04/08/2028
Patent term adjustment 1266
U.S. Classifications 606/257  · 606/264  · 606/258  · 606/256  ·
International Classifications A61B1770  ·
Kind CodeB2
23 Claims, 46 Drawings


Abstract

Systems and devices for dynamically stabilizing the spine are provided. The systems include a superior component for attachment to a superior vertebra of a spinal motion segment and an inferior component for attachment to an inferior vertebral of a spinal motion segment. The interconnection between the two components enables the spinal motion segment to move in a manner that mimics the natural motion of the spinal motion segment. Methods are also provided for stabilizing the spine and for implanting the subject systems.

Independent Claims | See all claims (23)

  1. 1. A system for stabilizing at least one spinal motion segment comprising a superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra, the system comprising: a superior component configured to couple to the superior vertebra, the superior component comprising a strut having a proximal end and a distal end; an inferior component configured to couple to the inferior vertebra, the inferior component comprising an engaging surface configured for engaging the distal end of the strut such that forward translation of the superior vertebra relative to the inferior vertebra is inhibited, wherein at least a portion of the distal end of the strut is received in a substantially concave opening formed by the engaging surface, and wherein the strut is adjustably retained at a superior or an inferior location to allow adjustment of a distance between the superior location and the inferior location; and at least one spring positioned in the opening between the distal end of the strut and the engaging surface.
  2. 6. A kit for stabilizing at least one spinal motion segment comprising a superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra, the kit comprising: a superior component configured to couple to the superior vertebra, the superior component comprising a strut having a proximal end and a distal end; an inferior component configured to couple to the inferior vertebra, the inferior component comprising an engaging surface configured for engaging the distal end of the strut such that forward translation of the superior vertebra relative to the inferior vertebra is inhibited, wherein at least a portion of the distal end of the strut is received in a substantially concave opening formed by the engaging surface, and wherein the strut is adjustably retained at a superior or an inferior location to allow adjustment of a distance between the superior location and the inferior location; and at least one spring positioned in the opening between the distal end of the strut and the engaging surface and instructions for implanting the components within the spine.
  3. 8. A method for stabilizing at least one spinal motion segment comprising a superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra, the method comprising: coupling a superior component to the superior vertebra, the superior component comprising a strut having a proximal end and a distal end; and coupling an inferior component to the inferior vertebra, wherein the distal end of the strut is operatively engaged with an engaging surface of the inferior component such that forward translation of the superior vertebra relative to the inferior vertebra is inhibited, wherein at least a portion of the distal end of the strut is received in a substantially concave opening formed by the engaging surface, wherein at least one spring is positioned in the opening between the distal end of the strut and the engaging surface, and wherein the strut is adjustably retained at a superior or an inferior location to allow adjustment of a distance between the superior location and the inferior location.
  4. 11. A system for stabilizing at least one spinal motion segment comprising a superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra, the system comprising: a superior component configured for attachment to the superior vertebra, the superior component comprising a strut having a proximal end and a distal end; an inferior component configured for attachment to the inferior vertebra, the inferior component comprising an engaging surface configured for engaging the distal end of the strut such that forward translation of the superior vertebra relative to the inferior vertebra is prevented while allowing at least flexion, extension, and lateral bending, wherein at least a portion of the distal end of the strut is received in a substantially concave opening formed by the engaging surface, and wherein the strut is adjustably retained at a superior or an inferior location to allow adjustment of a distance between the superior component and the inferior component; and at least one spring positioned in the opening between the distal end of the strut and the engaging surface.
  5. 19. A kit for stabilizing at least one spinal motion segment comprising a superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra, the kit comprising: a superior component configured for attachment to the superior vertebra, the superior component comprising a strut having a proximal end and a distal end; an inferior component configured for attachment to the inferior vertebra, the inferior component comprising an engaging surface configured for engaging the distal end of the strut such that forward translation of the superior vertebra relative to the inferior vertebra is prevented while allowing at least flexion, extension, and lateral bending, wherein at least a portion of the distal end of the strut is received in a substantially concave opening formed by the engaging surface, and wherein the strut is adjustably retained at a superior or an inferior location to allow adjustment of a distance between the superior component and the inferior component; and at least one spring positioned in the opening between the distal end of the strut and the engaging surface and instructions for implanting the components within the spine.
  6. 21. A method for stabilizing at least one spinal motion segment comprising a superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra, the method comprising: attaching a superior component to the superior vertebra, the superior component comprising a strut having a proximal end and a distal end; and attaching an inferior component to the inferior vertebra, wherein the distal end of the strut is operatively engaged with an engaging surface of the inferior component such that forward translation of the superior vertebra relative to the inferior vertebra is prevented while allowing at least flexion, extension, and lateral bending, wherein at least a portion of the distal end of the strut is received in a substantially concave opening formed by the engaging surface, wherein at least one spring is positioned in the opening between the distal end of the strut and the engaging surface, and wherein the strut is adjustably retained at a superior or an inferior location to allow adjustment of a distance between the superior component and the inferior component.

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